lesson 11 - questions?

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vocab

󱤺 mun - moon, night sky object, star

󱤆 ante - different, altered, changed, other

󱥠 sitelen - image, picture, representation, symbol, mark, writing

󱥓 poki - container, bag, bowl, box, cup, cupboard, drawer, vessel

󱥈 pakala - botched, broken, damaged, harmed, messed up

󱤓 jo - to have, carry, contain, hold

󱥥 supa - horizontal surface, thing to put or rest something on

~ question word

󱥙 seme - (indicates missing information in a question)

~ notes

jo is not the same as english's general to have.

i have to work

~ mi wile pali

i have a lot of love for you

~ mi olin mute e sina

i have eaten

~ mi moku

lesson

there are two ways to ask yes/no questions, and one way to ask an open-ended one.

~ word ala word

to ask yes or no questions, you repeat the first word in the preverbs or predicate in a word ala word pattern.

to answer a question like this you repeat the word for yes, and say ala or word ala for no.

sina wile ala wile pali

~ do you want to work?

wile / ala

~ yes / no

ona li suwi ala suwi tawa sina

~ is she cute in your opinion?

suwi / suwi ala

~ yes / no

~ anu seme?

you can also form yes/no questions by appending "anu seme" to the end. (lesson 12 will cover the word anu)

they are answered the same way as word ala word questions, by either repeating the word which would be repeated, or saying (word) ala.

if you're unsure of which word to repeat, you could also just answer with a sentence.

sina moku anu seme

~ do you eat?

mi moku / moku / ala

~ i do eat / yes / no

ni li ilo kalama sina anu seme

~ is this your instrument?

ni li ilo kalama mi / ilo / ala

~ this is my instrument / yes / no

~ open-ended questions

open-ended questions are formed by making a normal sentence and putting the word seme where the missing information would go.

if you have phrased the question correctly, the responder should be able to replace the word seme with the answer.

sina seme

~ what are you doing? / who are you?

mi pakala e ijo / mi soweli Tesa

~ i'm breaking stuff / i'm tess

seme li lon supa

~ what's on the table?

mani ale mi (li lon supa)

~ all of my money (is on the table)

soweli Sijala li lon seme

~ where is tiara?

ona li lon insa pi poki kala a

~ she is inside the container of fish!

exercises

~ translate from toki pona to english

mi kama jo e moku mute kepeken mani

i acquired lots of food with money

i bought a lot of food

sina toki tawa mun tan seme

why are you talking to the moon?

sina jo ala jo e sitelen suwi

do you have cute pictures?

seme li sona toki pona

who knows how to speak well?

ijo mute li ante e nimi ona tan toki pona

many change their names because of toki pona

~ translate from english to toki pona

what's up? (not literal)

seme li lon

sina seme

seme li kama

what's up? (literal)

seme li lon sewi

sewi li seme

i wanna be on the bed

mi wile lon supa lape

what did you want to say?

sina wile toki e seme

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